According to the American Psychological Association, ADHD, or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, is a behavioral condition that makes focusing on everyday requests and routines challenging. People with ADHD typically have trouble getting organized, staying focused, making realistic plans and thinking before acting. They may be fidgety, noisy and unable to adapt to changing situations
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).
ADHD is common in children and adolescents. Adults also can have ADHD. With ADHD in adults, there may be some variation in symptoms. For instance, an adult may experience restlessness instead of hyperactivity. In addition, adults with ADHD may have problems with interpersonal relationships and employment.
ADHD has three subtypes:
Treatments can relieve many of the disorder's symptoms, but at this time there is no cure. With treatment, most people with ADHD can be successful in school and lead productive lives. Researchers are developing more effective treatments and interventions, and using new tools such as brain imaging, to better understand ADHD and to find more effective ways to treat it.
When identifying ADHD symptoms there are three different categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
Inattention may not become apparent until a child enters the challenging environment of school. In adults, symptoms of inattention may manifest in work or in social situations.
An individual with ADHD may have some or all of the following symptoms:
Hyperactivity symptoms may be apparent in very young preschoolers and are nearly always present before the age of seven. Symptoms include:
Hyperactivity may change with age and developmental stage. In adolescents and adults, hyperactivity may manifest itself as feelings of restlessness and difficulty engaging in quiet sedentary activities.
Impulsivity symptoms include:
If a child is diagnosed with ADHD it will most likely continue into their teenage years. The symptoms of ADHD are intrusive to an adolescent's life. Symptoms of ADHD in a teenager are similar to those in children. Some symptoms include:
During the teenage years, ADHD may intensify due to the hormonal changes of adolescence.